EZ-IO Devices Print

In 1940, Dr. Henning placed the first IO device in a patient's sternum to allow for a blood transfusion. IO procedures and devices have been looked at and studied since that time. During World War II, more than 4,000 IO procedures were utilized, documented, and credited with the overall recovery rate of the thousands injured.

Even with the outcomes shown in WWII, IOs were not utilized in emergency medicine until the 1980s. Initially the IOs were only being utilized in the pediatric population;it was the thought at the time that the adult bone was thicker and harder to penetrate and the vascular nature of the bone and bone marrow was not thoroughly understood. With time allowing for more research and stidues, it was discovered that the density was not going to be a problem and vascular access was optimum for medication and fluid replacement. Now IOs are being utilized on a routine basis in emergency medicine, both in the pediatric and adult population. These devices have proven to be an excellent alternative means for resuscitation in patients that exhibit peripheral vascular compromise.

Once in place, the EZ-IO device will give an alternative IV access route in the peripheral vascular compromised patient within the Lord Fairfax EMS Council region. To see the EZ-IO Protocol approved by our Council's Medical Direction Board, click here.